Sunday, May 17, 2020

Consciousness Of The Competitive Business Rivals Business Essay - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 14 Words: 4294 Downloads: 8 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Business firms these days , are ever conscious of the competition they have to face from rivals offering similar products. In the process they are on a constant look out to differentiate their brand and product with anything that can carve out a segment for themselves. Customer segment retention has become a very huge challenge that, with the ever expanding market with multiple players, distinction or a change in strategy is the prime focus of the managements. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Consciousness Of The Competitive Business Rivals Business Essay" essay for you Create order (W.Chan Kim) It has often been argued that a structuralist approach is only applicable in favorable environments where there are enough resources for an organization to achieve a competitive advantage. But, when it comes to an industry where the conditions are unfavorable, the approach could not be right. Instead, another approach like reconstructionist approach could be used. (W.Chan Kim) In this dissertation, we discuss some of the strategies and the impact on their structures and performances of some of the companies which have been listed in the fortune 500 list, 2009. Chapter 2 Literature Review Our analysis of this aspect chiefly revolves around the following set of questions. How can an organization continuously adapt  its structure to the ever changing consumer needs? In the process, what impact can it have on the strategy to ensure sustained organizational growth and performance? What is the role of competitors in the decision making process of th e company pertaining to structural changes? How can an organization ensure that there is consistency in adapting to the changed structure across all the business operating units taking into consideration the changing internal laws and the culture? As said above, we majorly focus on the structural/strategical changes of the 5 companies that we have taken as case studies on the basis of the above three questions. How can an organization continuously adapt its structure to the ever changing consumer needs? In the process, what impact can it have on the strategy to ensure sustained organizational growth and performance? Every industry has its own set of limitations and looks for opportunities to cash in. Let us consider the case of Information Technology sector. IT sector took a whole new turn with the concept of off shoring. Off shoring basically means awarding the contracts to manage the IT systems in the organization to places where the cost of labor is relatively cheaper when compared to the home country. This brought about a revolution and the developing economies immediately looked to cash in on the opportunity. Lots of countries opened up their markets by deregulation of economic policies, reduced land rates for companies willing to invest in their countries etc. So this was a major strategical change as far as the IT sector is concerned. We shall take the case of Accenture which is a fortune 500 company expanding globally and is known for its aggressive strategy making. But before that, lets take a brief look at its history. Accenture Accenture is a fortune 500 global company which is headquartered in Hamilton, Bermuda. Its operations basically involve global management consulting, technology and outsourcing services. One of their missions is to deliver innovation to their clients in terms of the solutions they provide, and contributing to the clients businesses by making them cost effective. The company divides its operations into five main groups which are as follows: Communications and high technology Financial Services Public Service Products Resources ( IT Industry and major developments in the recent past The need for businesses to increase efficiency and reduce costs has helped the IT sector grow at a phenomenal rate in the last couple of years. IT consulting is a highly competitive business where there is a need for innovation and effective solutions. One of the biggest threats to the bigger companies in this field is the phenomenal rise in the number of players in the market. The other challenge that this industry faces is the ever changing needs. A version of software cannot sustain in the market for a really long time. We see versions getting released over a simple piece of software. Hence, it would be an additional burden on the companies sometimes to train their employees according to the change in versions. Accenture Strategies Accentures business model is supposed to revolve around the following two main pillars : 1)Service Delivery Model (SDM) : SDM essentially consists of the following : Global Delivery entre Network which consists of 40 delivery centers around the globe providing technology and outsourcing services. Teams of professionals who are skilled enough to understand and are extremely client focused. Standard Processes, tools to enhance productivity. (Jean-Paul Thommen) 2) Changing Workforce Model CWM structure essentially means segregation of the workforce into the following layers Consulting Workforce Solutions Workforce Services Workforce Enterprise Workforce The following strategies have been adopted by Accenture ever since the Enron scandal broke out: Just like the other players in the IT sector, Accenture is expanding to emerging economies and pursuing and making the fullest use of its outsourcing operations. Accenture has laid a prime focus on volume/efficiency and over the last decade or so, it has experienced astronomical increase in the number of employees. This, in a way has lead to decrease in the knowledge productivity and has led to more stress on adherence to processes. This, in a way, has further brought down scope for innovation which is supposed to be the prime brand promise of the company. Accentures strategy is pretty plain and simple these days Hire more people to improve the turn over of the company.(Report Buyer) Accenture has always believed in enable its employees to innovate on solutions and this has been its major differentiator from others in the market. In this way, Accenture feels that employee retention will not be a problem.( However, with the rising number of employees each year, stress would be more on policy and process adherence than actually giving the employees the required freedom to innovate on solutions. Accenture Corporate Structure The corporate structure of Accenture is a direct reflection of its core competencies. In terms of consulting, Accenture primarily addresses business management and IT issues. It is during this stage that individual solution strategies are chalked out with the client. This involves identifying strategic potential and and analyzing how processes like customer relationship management/logistics can be optimized. Accenture and its response to ever changing consumer needs The following developments can be talked about in the company in the last 5 -10 years. The competition in the IT industry has increased so much that every player in the field has to look out for a differentiating factor to enable them to have a competitive advantage over others. For Accenture, it is Innovation to its employees and Extreme Quality deliverables to its clients. In the process of facilitating quality oriented and effective solutions to its clients, Accenture has tied up with the major business solution providers like Oracle, SAP. The prime idea is to work closely with these companies and have a closer look at the R and D processes there. The R and D and Innovation centers are located all over the world and are still expanding Accenture has realized that quality can be a very major differentiating factor and has aligned its internal processes extremely client oriented. Some of the examples include strict adherence to coding standards, documentation pat terns etc. It is not very surprising that any employee can find relevant documentation on various technologies, thanks to the vigorous documentation standards followed. Accenture Role of Competitors in the decision making process of the company Major competitors of Accenture include IBM, Cap Gemini, CSC to name a few. Competitors play a very major role in the decision making process of the company in terms of internal processes and also in terms of the way the clients are generally dealt with. Accenture believes that it is only a very strong and skilled workforce that can ensure better deliverables to the clients. Entry level employees would have to go through close to 500 hours of rigorous training and are trained on various processes/technologies. This is the differentiation it tries to make as far far as beating competitors is concerned. Apart from developing a highly skilled workforce, Accenture also focuses on Business Consulting, which is their prime revue generator. Accenture Consistency in structure implementation across business units Accenture has a firm strategy of adapting very quickly to the changed strategies. Lets take the case of India, its major outsourcing projects destination. Accenture has so well beaten the onslaught of Indian IT service providers like TCS, Infosys that even its competitors like IBM, EDS are trying to emulate the off shoring business model flowed by Accenture in India. The fact that at least 40000 of the employees out of the total 1,60,000 employees will be in India is indicative of the aggression with which Accenture follows its business model Low cost and greater effectively. Hence, to sum it all up, Accenture has largely been successful due to its incredible outsourcing strategy, which involves rapid adaption to the country to which the works have been outsourced to. It is this quick Brand Coca Cola Coca-Cola Enterprises, established in 1986, is a young company by the standards of the Coca-Cola system. Yet each of its franchises has a strong heritage in the traditions of Coca-Cola that is the foundation for this Company. The Coca-Cola Company traces its beginning to 1886, when an Atlanta pharmacist, Dr. John Pemberton , began to produce Coca-Cola syrup for sale in fountain drinks. However the bottling business began in 1899 when two Chattanooga businessmen, Benjamin F. Thomas and Joseph B. Whitehead , secured the exclusive rights to bottle and sell Coca-Cola for most of the United States from The Coca-Cola Company. Beverages Industry Major developments in the recent years Barbara Mooray(2006) explains in her book For years the story in the nonalcoholic sector centered on the power struggle betweenÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¦Coke and Pepsi. But as the pop fight has topped out, the industrys giants have begun relying on new product flavorsÃÆ' ¢Ãƒ ¢Ã¢â‚¬Å¡Ã‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚ ¦and looking to noncarbonated beverages for growth. The market size of this industry has been rapidly changing. It would be surprising to note that soft drink industry constitutes only 46.8 % of the non alcoholic beverages industry. Data Monitor(2009) found that the total market value of soft drinks reached about $500 billion. Further in 2008, the total soft drink value was 435637.3 litres. This clearly illustrates the fact that soft drink industry is extremely lucrative with a lot of scope for high profits but the fight to capture major share of the market is still on and doesnt seem to end any sooner. The soft drink industry is majorly dominated by three players in the world . Coke which boasts of a market share up to 50%. Pepsico which has a market share of close to 21% Cadbury Schwepps which holds a share of 7%. (Murray, 2006) According to Coca Cola Annual report, 2009, it has the most bottle sales which is close to $22 billion. The Coke product line basically consists of products like Coke, Fanta, Diet Code, Burqs etc. PepsiCo comes next which has a sale of $18 billion, PepsiCos product line consists of Pepsi, Slice and Mountain Dew which make up for more than a quarter of its sales.(PepsiCo Inc, 2009). On the other hand, Cadbury Schweppes had a sale volume of close to $6 billion with a product line consisting of soft drinks such as AW Root Beer, Canada beer, and Dr. Pepper (Cadbury Schweppes, 2009) Coca Cola is currently the best selling soft drink in the world with Pepsi following behind, It is a known fact that the company has seen double digit growth rates over the last few years (Wikipedia). The only place where Coke isnt the rule r is probably the middle east but figures indicate that it is picking up there as well (Wikipedia). Competitive Forces for Coca Cola Company Players in the soft drink industry face very stiff competition from their rivals, owing to the fact that every drink is replaceable to a large extent with one of the drinks in their rival product offerings. Hence, every decision made in this sector particularly, is influenced by their rivals strategies. Substitute products can be the right word to be used in this particular context to describe the competition faced. Although Coca Cola, PepsiCo and Cadbury Schweppes are the major players in the market, the fact that they are very well established worldwide which increases the competition in the market. Coca Cola has always believed in adopting a differentiation strategy from the days of its inception. A case in point is Woodruff (President of Coke) refusing to match Pepsis 6 cent 12 ounce bottle (Pendergrast, 2000). Coke Adaptation to changing industry and consumer needs The first question that should be posed to ourselves before we can start this research is Why do people drink Cola? Cola, as with other drinks is taken to reduce the thirst in the body. But the fact is, consumers can drink water as well to do that. So, what exactly does Cola give to a person apart from eradicating the thirst factor. Is it something to do with emotional satisfaction that one gets out of drinking it? It can be noted that drinking Cola can be called as a want more than a need. Since all the brands taste alike, it is up to the companies as to how they position their brands in the consumers minds. Coca-Cola hopes to create a differentiation in the soft drink segment by a strong, loyal customer base. In the process, it has brought out various products from time to time to cater to specific segments. The major strategy of Coke was to differentiate their products into two types: Caffeine drinks Diet drinks. It was often thought that one of the major threa ts of the cola market was the lemon-lime sector which was gaining strength in the mid 90s around the world. However, Coke came up with Sprite to literally diminish the effects of the lime and lemon markets. Sprite has been giving so much competition to 7 Up that Cadbury Schweppes has to re formulate the drink to make it more sweeter and crisper. Coke has catered to diet conscious consumer segment as well by coming up with an amazing product line which consists of diet coke and a couple of other drinks. Diet Coke is thought about as a product which is low on calories and thereby very healthy when compared the regular coca cola which is believed to have a very high sugar content. Coke Influence of Competitors As discussed above, one of the major competitors of Coke is PepsiCo. Both the companies have been in a virtual war since early 90s to get a hold over the Cola Market. Both the companies have been trying to outperform each other in the form of brand image enhancement techniques/advertising campaigns. Pepsi came up with Pepsi Challenge where the consumers were blind folded and asked to choose which of the drinks was better Pepsi or Coke. Most of the consumers chose Pepsi over Coke which turned out to be a major jolt for Coke in its attempts of market capture. Market share of Pepsi jumped to 14 % from a paltry 6 %. Pepsi was ruling the roost then. Coke came up with similar tests which gave them more disastrous results. Consumers still preferred Pepsi over Coke. By 1979, Pepsi had a market share of 17.9 % and was closing in on the 23% share that Coke had. By 1989, Coke had only 2.9 % lead while its grocery store market was trailing. The management unanimously ordered for the remova l of old coke from the market. Marketing department of Coke figured out that only 12 % of the consumers showed loyalty coke compared to 18% of that of Pepsi. Market Research proved that there needed to be a major revamp with regards to the taste. Samples which were more sweeter and crisper were rolled out into the market and tests were conducted on the consumers. Consumers gave a thumping response saying that the new taste was much better than Pepsi and the old Coke. However, removal of the old formula evoked widespread protests from various corners of the country. So, the management decided to keep the old classic coke and produce the new coke. Similarly, the rolling out of Sprite much later saw to it that Coke didnt lose out because of the entry of the lemon lime club. Coke Consistency in adapting to the changed structure Coke has recently seen a lot of changes to its structure, thanks to globalization and its impact on the business world. Coke has a more decentralized process of decision making now unlike the past. As can be easily said the main departments, that is marketing and production have to work hand in hand to make sure that they counter their competitors and come up with a brilliant output. Hence, ensuring consistency across all the business operating units was never an issue with coke. Brand Wal Mart About Wal-Mart is an American corporation which runs a large group of departmental stores which offer bulk discounts and a chain of warehouse stores. Wal-Mart is also the largest private employer and the largest grocery retailer in the United States of America. Wal-Mart operates under its own name in the United States, operates in Mexico as Walmex, in the United Kingdom as Asda in Japan as Seiyu, and in India as Best Price. Wal-Marts investments outside North America have had mixed results: its operations in the United Kingdom, South America and China are highly successful, while it was forced to pull out of Germany and South Korea when ventures there were unsuccessful. Wal-Mart was rated to be the most revenue generating private organization in the Forbes list 2010. Some of the major operations of Wal-Mart include -Wal-Mart stores, US - Walmart discount stores -Walmart Supercenter - Neighbourhood market by Walmart - Supermercado de Wal-mart - Sams club - Wa lmart International Wal-Mart : Strategies Wal-Mart implements a low cost-high volume strategy. The strategy aims at customer satisfaction and at the same time providing the customer a good experience. Some of the basic strategies followed by Wal-Mart are as follows Low Cost Wal-Mart is known to have lower operating expenses than the industry average. This comes from the fact that Wal-mart has superior distribution capability which is in turn due to perfect location of the stores, warehouses, cross docking and superior information management. High Volume Wal-Mart offers low prices for its good, combined with their lower operating costs. This clearly illustrates the fact that the strategy is to grab a larger volume using mass segmentation. Customer Satisfaction Low Prices coupled with advanced data management techniques and motivated staff gives overall satisfaction to the customers than any other discount retailers. In addition to this, Wal-Mart is a one stop solution for a wide range of products. In the word s of Sam Walton, CEO,Wal-Marts aims at creating a loyal customer base by lowering their cost of living through offering quality and other products at significantly lower prices, while surprising them on the convenience and service level side. Perfect way to gauge the companys strategy of mass market segmentation. Wal-Mart acquired enough volume through extremely strategi consideration of locations which were away from competition. Wal-Mart Changing consumer needs As discussed above, Wal-Mart has a basic strategy of offering the essentials to the consumers at highly discounted rates. It is an evident fact that Wal-Mart is retail outlet offering all that are needs to the consumers. Wal-Mart follows a strategy of of focusing on the sale of popular products and discontinuing with the sale of not so popular ones. It includes pressurizing the manufacturers of the popular products to have contract with them in order to have a cost cutting mechanism as well as an efficient distribution system. Since the focus is more on sale of popular products which the consumer endorses, there need not be any special efforts needed to adapt to the changing consumer needs as such. Emphasis has to be laid on identification of the popular products in different segments. Wal- mart Competitors and effects Competition is definitely fierce among the discount retailers. Of the top 15 discount stores of 2001, at least three declared bankruptcy during the recent economic meltdown. The reasons were pretty much obvious. Lack of differentiation strategy when it came to product offerings. Extremely volume driven strategies that were aimed at grabbing the market share even if it were at the cost of denting the profits made by the organization. Wal-Mart has focused on the following aspects to beat the competitors around it Distribution Capabilities The distribution network of Wal-Mart is massive and is very difficult to replicate by any other existing discount in the market. Especially, when it comes to the efficient utilization of electronic linkage of sales and inventory information using sophisticated ERP systems, Wal-Mart are irreplaceable. Supplier Relations Wal-Mart has fostered its relations with its suppliers over the years and it is extremely difficult for other retai lers to enjoy such relations with the suppliers for 2 reasons Wal-Marts competitors cannot offer the volume of goods that it can offer to the suppliers. In addition, Wal -Mart beats the other retailers in the compensation offered to its suppliers because it reaps savings in the cost operated areas. Advanced IT Systems Wal-Marts IT systems are very advanced and aid the supply chain structure very effectively. Wal-Mart constantly upgrades its systems to remain up-to-date. Wal-Mart : Structural Changes and adaption to business units It is a known fact that Wal-Mart has been hugely successful in the US market. The overall strategy of offering lower prices can be applicable anywhere in the world and hence, Wal-Marts competitive advantages can be transferred abroad as well. This can be very well known from the fact that the number of stores of Wal-Mart outside US has gone up to 1200 (as compared to 600 in the year 2005). The number of stores in the US is 1647. However, there were cases where Wal-Mart could not successfully assimilate a similar strategy in countries like China, Japan and South Korea due to the following reasons Differences between Wal-Mart and the local suppliers over the compensations. Volume not arriving at the right time. Partnerships of the local retailers with the suppliers, confining the suppliers to have only limited agreements with Wal-Mart. Differences in consumer preferences which were totally against the pre-conceived strategies of Wal-Mart especially in countries like China . Difference in consumer purchasing habits. The Dell Revolution Dell was founded in the year 1984 by Micheal Dell. Michealo Dell is also known to be the longest serving CEO ever. Ever since Dell entered the Chinese market and began to re-structure itself after choosing a unique marketing strategy, the sales rocketed. Dells direct sales model, collaborative supply chain, direct service and efficient marketing system made it a global leader in the field of computer manufacturing by giving it an unparalleled competitive advantage. Dell Ever changing consumer needs Dell has always believed that the best way it can take a good share of the a market I by getting as closer to the consumers as possible. Ever since the late 80s when the industry was going through a lot of economical and technological changes, Dell was at the forefront of adapting to them. First by establishing the Internet infrastructure for booking/orders related activities it was able to increase its customer base from existing markets. Using the same infrastructure it was able to carry out its marketing strategies in new offices as well. Notebooks and desktops account for almost 80% of the revenue generation for Dell Computers. The company drives nearly two thirds of its business from large businesses and government entities. Corporate customers include Ford Motor Company, Boeing, and international giant Deutsche Bank Half of the sales came from PCs which had Intel 80386 microprocessor. Dell also integrated its file server with UNIX operating system. In order to get closer to customers needs, Dell opened up offices in every part of North America and Europe. Dell- Competitors and their impact On of the major strategies of Dell was to beat the competition by collaborations. Dell takes pride in actually collaborating with corporations to diversify its technological base unlike its competitors who like HP who went on an acquisition spree in order to eliminate competition. For instance, Dells collaboration with Xerox Corporation as a provider of printing products and services was an addition to the list of comprehensive business services that Dell offered. Dell believes in global collaboration and not just industry specific collaboration. Dell has offices in all parts of the world just to stay closer to the consumers and be able to capture the niche market. Every office has freedom to act independently but at the end of the day, they are wholly accountable for the results. Dell has never taken a comparison mode when it came to promotions and marketing. Even if you look at the advertisements, it can be observed that they only try to make the consumers aware of the tech nological benefits they would gather out of a particular product rather than what they would not get our of heir competitors products. The idea essentially was to project a virtual home with a dynamic wifi and an extremely jovial environment for those who use Dell products. Some of the tag lines also include I will make my PC make m stereo run for its life. Hence, the essence was to integrate different technologies into a single desktop and market the product in a Be direct way. BIBLIOGRAPHY Management Consulting Today Jean- Paul Thommon Pendergrast, M. (2000). For God, Country and Coca-Cola: The Definitive History of the Great American Soft Drink and the Company That Makes It. Basic Books.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Analysis of Atmosphere in Kate Chopins The...

Analysis of Atmosphere in The Storm Merriam Webster dictionary defines atmosphere as a) the whole mass of air surrounding the earth and b) the overall aesthetic effect of a work of art. Kate Chopin integrates these two definitions together effortlessly in her short story The Storm. The meteorological atmosphere parallels the literary atmosphere with the building tension, the culmination, and the aftermath. As the thunderstorm and the story begin, the reader can almost feel the tension in the air. Calixta is at home by herself, tending to her sewing, while her husband Bobinà ´t and her son Bibi wait out the storm in the shelter of the grocery store. Calixta does not notice the approaching storm (108) until the sky†¦show more content†¦She begins to nervously worry aloud about the whereabouts of Bobinà ´t and Bibi, and what their fate might be if they are caught outside in the storm, encouraging Alcà ©e to reassure her. As the storm is reaching its peak, Calixta and Alcà ©e encounter the height of their passion for one another. As she stands at the window, a bolt of lightning strikes close by, causing Calixta to jump away from the window straight into Alcà ©es comforting embrace. The two suddenly find themselves caught in the overwhelming passion they once had for one another. As they look into each others eyes, Alcà ©e finds there is nothing for him to do but to gather her lips in a kiss (109). They no longer pay heed to the thunderstorm roaring outside as their rekindled spark becomes their only concern. When the rain begins to fall quietly on the land, the lovers lie together breathlessly, fighting the urge to sleep. After the storm has passed and Alcà ©e resumes his journey home, everything returns to normal, almost as if nothing out of the ordinary has occurred. The sun comes out, turning the glistening green world into a palace of gems (110). Bobinà ´t and Bibi return home safely to find Calixta cheerfully relieved. They sit down to eat supper, talking and laughing so loud that anyone might have heard them as far away as Laballià ©res (111). Meanwhile, Alcà ©e writes a loving letter (111) to his wife, Clarisse, who is away with the children on vacation. He tells her that he misses

Applied Theories for Critique of Political Economy -myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about th Applied Theories for Critique of Political Economy. Answer: Introduction The discussion for the following essay is the Marxs account of history. Karl Marx has been one of the greatest political figures and reformers and philosophers who through his works have revolutionized the Russian and world history at the same time. At the Karl Marx, the world needed a world of history and he knew he had to provide it because he understood the problems within the world and the revolutionaries (Samuel 2016). In this context, Karl Marx had brought out his new theory of History in his preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy in the year 1859. New theory of history The topics Marx had chosen to deal with were related to the social class and the relation with the people by means of production. He described that men had to enter into social relations which are definite. These relations are created in relation to the social production. The economic structure of the society is built around the totality of the relations of production. These things are very much relevant when one discusses about the social relations and its connectivity with history (Resnick and Richard 2013). The production that the material life gives is in close relation with the social, political and intellectual lives of the human beings. Marx had also asserted the fact of the importance of psychological consciousness in the lives of the human beings. The people can understand about these things in the context of the social class only (Resnick and Richard 2013). Marx has discussed that historical change in the society can only occur in the context of the conflict and contradiction among the social people and their relations (Ritzer and Jeffrey 2017). Marx had depicted in his description that at a certain time of the development, the material production forces meet with conflicts and contradictions with the society on the basis of the current relations regarding to the productions. The era of the social revolution begins at a time when the relations with the productive forces of the society turn to their fetters (Ritzer and Jeffrey 2017) Importance of psychology and economics There is a huge importance of psychology and economics in the context of the social history and its change (Rabin 2013). Marx has described that when one studies about the social and moral transformations, one should always keep in mind the distinction between the material transformations of the economic conditions of production. There are several parameters that can identify these economic conditions like legal, political, religious, artistic and philosophic regimes. The social change becomes clear when the people become conscious of those conflicts and they fight to establish their own viewpoints. These economic changes gradually lead to the overall transformation of the overall infrastructure of the society (Rabin 2013). Marx has said time and again that the economics should not be neglected in these issues because he has spent a large time of his life in the British Library while collecting the economic data about the social changes that influence the historical changes as well. He exclaimed that any of the social orders cannot be destroyed if the productive sources in the society have been properly developed (Bloch 2013). He said that new superior relations could be developed in the social changes in the historical contexts. However, the older relations regarding to production cannot be replaced by the newer ones in terms of production. The nature of the mankind is to set such tasks that can be done only. It has b3en found in this context that the problems can be arisen only when the material solutions for the problematic condition will be present (Bloch 2013). The rise of Capitalism It has been argued by Marx that the capitalism can do much harm to the society while it can bring in new changes as well (Acemoglu and James 2015). He has considered that after socialism, the capitalism is at the advent of emerging as the new controlling system in the society and has the ability of influencing the society at a larger level. The revolutionary transformation into socialism is at the horizon with the advent of capitalism (Acemoglu and James 2015). Karl Marx has also asserted the fact that the several ideologies like Asiatic, ancient, feudal and the modern bourgeois classes have shown several ways to amend the social conditions by a huge rate and pushing the economic development of the society. He described the mode the bourgeois class followed over the years for production in the social context was an antagonistic one. This antagonistic view is not the kind of individual antagonism but it is the one that rises from the individual social condition existence of the human beings. The contradictory part in this is that the fact that productive forces that are developed within the bourgeois society also sets up the material conditions for the solution of antagonism (Debord 2012). Stages of history In his writings, Karl Marx has shown the several things in the depiction of history in the context of social revolution. He had exclaimed at the beginning of the each stage a new class would be born in the society and this would bring a downfall for the society (Berlin 2013). However, this downfall cannot be depicted as something negative but it should gain the mankind a huge share of benefit in the progress of it. These things or especially the changes would bring in class conflicts among the people (Berlin 2013). In the first stage (primitive communism) there are three aspects such as shared property, hunting and gathering and proto-democracy. In the second stage (slave society) the social production aspects are related to class, statism, agriculture, democracy and authoritarianism and private property. The third stage is called the feudalism where the most important aspects are aristocracy, theocracy, hereditary classes and nation-state (Berlin 2013). Conclusion This essay can be concluded by saying that Karl Marx has depicted several social perspectives related to history and he has showcased the initial stages of change of the social history. The social history is very much subject to change and the different stages are there through which the transformations take place. These various aspects are very much important to connect the changes in social history so the theory of history of Karl Marx is extremely important in this regard as well. References Acemoglu, Daron, and James A. Robinson. 2015 "The rise and decline of general laws of capitalism."The Journal of Economic Perspectives29, no. 1 (2015): 3-28. Berlin, Isaiah. 2013Karl Marx. Princeton University Press. Bloch, Maurice. 2013.Marxism and anthropology: the history of a relationship. Routledge. Debord, Guy. 2012.Society of the Spectacle. Bread and Circuses Publishing. Rabin, Matthew. 2013 "An approach to incorporating psychology into economics."The American Economic Review103, no. 3 (2013): 617-622. Resnick, Stephen A., and Richard D. Wolff. 2013. Class theory and history: Capitalism and communism in the USSR. Routledge. Ritzer, George, and Jeffrey Stepnisky. 2017Modern sociological theory. SAGE Publications. Samuel, Raphael, 2016 ed.People's History and Socialist Theory (Routledge Revivals). Routledge.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Paintball free essay sample

Paintball is my favorite thing to do in my spare because it never gets old and is always fun. Paintball is the ultimate version of laser tag and capture the flag. It may not be the right sport for all people because and can sting at times and leaves welts and bruises. But if you’re looking for excitement and don’t hurt easily I suggest you try out paintball. The place I like to go to is the Paintball Jungle because it is not confined to small courts and the only thing there is in small courts is air ball and speedball. But when I go with my friends and we have an equal amount of players I will play speedball with them. They also have a sixty two acre forest of eucalyptus trees, forts, bunkers, and bases. There are versions of paintball such as capture the flag and elimination. We will write a custom essay sample on Paintball or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Capture the flag is one version of paintball when you have a flag placed somewhere in the field and two teams have to battle each other to get to the flag. Once you get the flag you try to get the flag back to your starting point. Elimination is the other version of paintball. Elimination is when you battle against another team and you just have to fight the other team off until there is no one left on one of the teams. Once the round of elimination is over, whichever team still has players left is the winning team. Paintball has three types of fields. The first field that most people that have ever seen paintball on T.V. would be air ball. Air ball is one version of paintball that is in a smaller area with blow up bunkers and you can either have capture the flag or elimination. One of the other versions of paintball is speedball, speedball is basically like air ball, it is air ball mostly just its with different bunkers. Last but not least there is forest ball where there is capture the flag, and elimination. Forest ball is a bigger version of paintball and there can be bunkers forts and bases. If you are looking for excitement I suggest you try paintball. If you paintball you get used to the pain after you get hit a couple of times. Paintball is painful at first but it’s not bad, it’s kind of just a stinging sensation. My favorite thing to do whenever I can is paintball. The only bad part about paintball is that it can cost a lot of money. But if it sounds fun to you, then you should try it out.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Historical ACT Percentiles for 2010, 2009, and 2008

Historical ACT Percentiles for 2010, 2009, and 2008 SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you just took the ACT or if you took the ACT in 2008-2010, you might be curious as to how your percentile score compares to students with the same scaled score in other years?In this guide, I'll explain what percentiles are, how they work onthe ACT, and why they matter (even the older ones). I'll also give you ACT percentile charts for 20-2014, so you can see how your scores stack up against historical ones. What Is an ACTPercentile Score? Before I get started,I need todefine what an ACT percentile actually is.An ACT percentile score is NOT the same as a percentage score you receive on school quiz (for example, when you score 91% on your Physics test that means you answered 91% of questions correctly). Instead, an ACT percentile score tells you how your scaled score compared to that of other test-takers. More specifically, the percentile is an approximation by the ACT of how many recent US high school graduates took the SAT and scored at or below your score. A percentile score makes your scaled score easier to comprehend since it’s on a vague scale (1-36). As an example, if you have a 30th percentile score, you scored higher than 30% of ACT test-takers. If you have an 84th percentile score, you scored higher than 84% of test-takers.The higher your percentile score is, the better you compared to others who took that ACT. If you took an in-class test, you could have a high test score (such as 95%) and have a relatively low percentile score (17th) if the test was very easy for your class (83% of the classscored above 95% on that test). On the other hand, you could have a low test score (such as 35%) and have a relatively high percentile score (88%) if the test was very hard for your class(only 12% of the class scored above 35%). On the ACT, percentile shifts tend not to be as extreme as this example since the ACT is equalized, but I’ll discuss this more in depth later on.Nonetheless,ACT percentiles are helpful for understanding your scaled scores, since percentiles allow youto determine where you fall in comparison to other test-takers. Do ACT Percentiles Change Over Time? For a specific scaled ACT score, the score percentile stays about the same from year to year (typically within 2-3%). If you don’t know how your ACT scaled score (1-36) is calculated, learn how to calculate ACT score before reading further. There are only minuscule percentile changes for a specific scaled score from year to year because the ACT is equalized specifically to ensure the same curve every test date.To show the slight variation in percentile for a specific score, a scaled score of 18 was the 33rd percentile in 2008, but it was the 34th percentile in 2009 and the 35th percentile in 2010.However, a score of 33 had the same percentile for 2008-2010, 99th percentile. What does it mean for percentiles for each scaled score to remain aboutthe same from year to year?As I said above, the ACT attempts to keep score distributions the same from year to year so that the same scaled score means the same across different years.That way, a 33 means you scored better than 99% of test-takers in 2008-2010 (and any other year). What this means for you is that no one test date (or test year) is better (or easier) than another.All test dates are equalized to make sure there is a similar score distribution. Why Care About ACT Score Percentiles? EspeciallyPercentiles From Other Years? You should care about your ACT score percentile because it helps college admissions officers compare your scaled score to those of other applicants.Admissions officers need percentile scores to have a sense of how you compare to students across the country. If they just saw your scaled score without any other information, they wouldn’t have any sense of what makes a good ACT scaled score and what makes a bad one. For instance, if you’d received a 33 composite score and an admissions office didn’t know the score percentile, they might judge that asa quiz grade and think if you scored 33 out of 36, then you got a 92% or A-, good but not great. Instead, since they have score percentiles, admissions offices know a 33 is a 99th percentile score, meaning you scored better than 99% of test-takers, which is excellent. Percentile scores allow college admissions offices to have an understanding of how test-takers do on the ACT and how you stack up to the rest of test-takers. But why should you care about percentiles from other years? Because you’re submitting your college apps at the same time as students who took the ACT in other years.Although you may have taken the ACT in 2009 as a junior in high school, other students might have waited to take the ACT until 2010 as seniors in high school.This doesn’t change the fact that you’re all still applying to college the same year. While you and your friend, who took the test in 2010, both received a composite scaled score of 30. Your percentile score was 96 while his was 95. What this means is your 30 is slightly better than his 30. You scored better than 96% of test-takers while he only scored better than 95% of test-takers. Comparing percentiles for a specific scaled score across different years is a useful tool to understand how you compare to other applicants who took the ACT a different year. While ACT percentile scores are important, knowing how you fall in the ACT score ranges for your target colleges is much more important.If you don’t know what a college’s ACT score range is, the quick explanation is it’s the range in which the middle 50% of admitted students’ ACT scores fall.I.E., Yale’s ACT score range is 31-35.This means 25% of admitted Yale students scored below a 31, and 75% scored at or below a 35. Schools mostly use their score ranges when making admissions decisions. As a result, no matter your percentile score, you’ll want your ACT composite scaled score to be at or above the 75th percentile (for example, 35 for Yale) to give yourself the best shot of getting in. To locate the ACT score ranges for your dream colleges, search â€Å"[College Name] ACT Scores Prepscholar† in Google.For an in-depth explanation of score range, including how to calculate your target score, read our guide to good and bad ACT scores. The reasons schools care about their score range over your score percentile are: Their score range is typically a part of the evaluation for college ranking list, so schools want to admit students with higher scaled scores so that the school will be ranked higher. Schools publish their scaled score range every year, so the higher the range, the more impressive it seems to the general public. While ACT score percentiles are important, your overall ACT composite score is the number that is most significant in your college application. ACT Percentiles for 2008-2010 Here I’ve created a table showing the ACT score percentiles from 2008-2010 for each composite scaled score. I used data provided by the ACT to assemble this chart and the charts below (for the percentiles for individual sections). Remember, the percentile score is the percentage of test-takers who scored at or below that scaled score. I.E. below, in 2008, if your composite score was a 32, you scored better than 99% of test-takers: ACT Scaled Score 2008 Percentile 2009 Percentile 2010 Percentile ACT Scaled Score 36 100 100 100 36 35 100 100 100 35 34 100 100 100 34 33 99 99 99 33 32 99 98 98 32 31 97 97 97 31 30 96 96 95 30 29 94 93 93 29 28 91 91 91 28 27 88 88 88 27 26 84 84 84 26 25 80 79 79 25 24 75 74 74 24 23 69 69 68 23 22 62 62 62 22 21 55 56 55 21 20 48 48 48 20 19 40 41 41 19 18 33 34 35 18 17 26 27 28 17 16 20 21 22 16 15 14 15 16 15 14 9 10 14 13 5 5 7 13 12 2 2 3 12 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 10 9 1 1 1 9 8 1 1 1 8 7 1 1 1 7 6 1 1 1 6 5 1 1 1 5 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 ACT English Historical Percentiles for 2008-2010 Here I’ve created a table showing the ACT percentiles from 2008-2010 for each English scaled score. ACT Scaled Score 2008 Percentile 2009 Percentile 2010 Percentile ACT Scaled Score 36 100 100 100 36 35 100 100 100 35 34 99 99 99 34 33 97 97 97 33 32 96 96 96 32 31 95 95 95 31 30 93 93 93 30 29 91 91 91 29 28 89 88 88 28 27 86 86 85 27 26 83 83 82 26 25 79 79 78 25 24 74 74 73 24 23 69 69 68 23 22 64 63 63 22 21 58 57 57 21 20 50 50 50 20 19 42 43 43 19 18 37 37 38 18 17 32 33 34 17 16 27 28 29 16 15 22 23 24 15 14 16 17 19 14 13 12 14 15 13 12 9 12 12 7 8 9 10 5 5 6 10 9 3 3 4 9 8 2 2 2 8 7 1 1 1 7 6 1 1 1 6 5 1 1 1 5 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 ACT Math Historical Percentiles for 2008-2010 Here I’ve created a table showing the ACTscore percentiles from 2008-2010 for each Math scaled score. ACT Scaled Score 2008 Percentile 2009 Percentile 2010 Percentile ACT Scaled Score 36 100 100 100 36 35 100 100 100 35 34 99 99 99 34 33 98 98 98 33 32 97 97 97 32 31 96 96 96 31 30 95 94 95 30 29 93 93 93 29 28 91 91 91 28 27 87 88 88 27 26 83 84 84 26 25 79 79 79 25 24 73 74 74 24 23 67 68 68 23 22 62 62 62 22 21 57 58 57 21 20 52 52 52 20 19 47 47 47 19 18 41 41 42 18 17 33 35 35 17 16 24 25 26 16 15 14 14 14 15 14 6 6 6 14 13 2 2 2 13 12 1 1 1 12 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 10 9 1 1 1 9 8 1 1 1 8 7 1 1 1 7 6 1 1 1 6 5 1 1 1 5 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 ACT Reading Historical Percentiles for 2008-2010 Here I’ve created a table showing the ACT score percentiles from 2008-2010 for each Reading scaled score. ACT Scaled Score 2008 Percentile 2009 Percentile 2010 Percentile ACT Scaled Score 36 100 100 100 36 35 99 99 99 35 34 98 99 99 34 33 97 97 97 33 32 96 95 95 32 31 94 93 93 31 30 91 90 91 30 29 88 87 88 29 28 85 84 85 28 27 81 81 82 27 26 78 78 78 26 25 74 74 75 25 24 70 71 70 24 23 65 66 66 23 22 58 60 60 22 21 53 55 54 21 20 47 47 48 20 19 41 41 41 19 18 34 35 36 18 17 30 31 31 17 16 24 25 25 16 15 19 19 20 15 14 14 14 15 14 13 9 9 13 12 5 6 7 12 3 3 4 10 1 1 2 10 9 1 1 1 9 8 1 1 1 8 7 1 1 1 7 6 1 1 1 6 5 1 1 1 5 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 ACT Science Score Historical Percentiles for 2008-2010 Here I’ve created a table showing the ACT percentiles from 2008-2010 for each Science scaled score. ACT Scaled Score 2008 Percentile 2009 Percentile 2010 Percentile ACT Scaled Score 36 100 100 100 36 35 100 100 100 35 34 99 99 99 34 33 99 99 99 33 32 98 98 98 32 31 97 98 98 31 30 97 96 96 30 29 95 95 95 29 28 94 93 93 28 27 92 91 91 27 26 89 89 87 26 25 85 84 84 25 24 78 77 77 24 23 72 72 71 23 22 65 64 63 22 21 56 57 56 21 20 49 49 47 20 19 39 38 38 19 18 30 30 31 18 17 23 23 24 17 16 18 19 19 16 15 13 14 14 15 14 10 10 14 13 7 7 8 13 12 5 5 5 12 3 3 3 10 1 1 2 10 9 1 1 1 9 8 1 1 1 8 7 1 1 1 7 6 1 1 1 6 5 1 1 1 5 4 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 What’s Next? Learn more about the ACT and college application process: What's a Good ACT Score for Your College? ACT Practice Tests: 20-Hour Prep Program Low ACT Scores: What Should You Do? Disappointed with your ACT scores? Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically. Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Dora Seigel About the Author As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography. Get Free Guides to Boost Your SAT/ACT Get FREE EXCLUSIVE insider tips on how to ACE THE SAT/ACT. 100% Privacy. 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Friday, February 28, 2020

Incorporating Quality Through Business Excellence Models Case Study

Incorporating Quality Through Business Excellence Models - Case Study Example TQM is the management function, which should be incorporated in all the processes that will happen in an organization. Furthermore, if Excellence is inbuilt into that TQM, then there will be optimal quality in all the processes, making the organization’s every initiative a successful endeavor. So, this paper by focusing on the â€Å"Excellence Models† from the perspective of TQM, will discuss how excellence can be managed optimally in an organization with the leader playing the optimal role. According to, Excellence can be defined as the â€Å"quality of excelling and also possessing good qualities of the highest degree†. The term gives the same meaning when analyzed from the organizational perspective as well. That is, when the organization manufactures products or offers services, during that process, they have to incorporate quality in every level. Only if the quality is incorporated at every level, the product or service will be of optimal quali ty, when it reaches the intended clients. Otherwise, the clients can find out the deficiency in quality in the initial stages or later, and surely it will be disliked by them. While trying to achieve than expected quality, organizations in many sectors will also or should also try to achieve excellence. This standard or level of excellence could be something that is set by the organization themselves or by certain external agencies focusing on quality testing and certifications. Thus, if the organizations following its own quality standards or external standards, achieve excellence in quality, it can maximally reach the ‘minds’ of the customers. When they entice their minds, they can ‘make’ the customers use their hands to buy the product or utilize the services.

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

What is the connection between fashion and modernityUse examples from Essay

What is the connection between fashion and modernityUse examples from between 1851 and 1939 to support your argument - Essay Example Elizabeth says "Fashion" is a term that crackles up many diverse descriptions, the immense preponderance of which is individual and simplifying. Some of the foundation I comprise here do not yet use the term; Western or eastern frequently choose in place for "costume" or "outfit," and alter their provisos with adjectives such as "cultural," "nationalized," or "customary." Western learning’s of fashion frequently only engage "Haute fashion design," or "soaring fashion," and leave out ordinary working class involvements with clothes; this has started to transfer of late. Over the precedent decade, a lot of feminist theorists have happened to be appearing at womens day-by-day relations with fashion and physical decoration. I support my own examinations with this most current drift in fashion; I describe fashion as a customer action occupied in by any human being who shops for, obtain, and wears outfits. Certainly, there is variety in terminologies and thoughtfulness of fashion co mmotion; and community of changeable racial, class, national, and religious surroundings unquestionably illustrate diverse understandings from their own fashion arrangements. The resources I have accumulated here agree with fashion utilization in a multiplicity of contexts, even though the field is positively conquered by Western world. It is as well significant to remind that most of my own study benefits are centered around modernism as it is created through clothing, technique, and fashion; consequently, much of the substance move towards fashion from a modern and feminist viewpoint. Modernity is a word used to explain the situation of being "Modern". Since the word itself "Modern" is used to explain a broad range of eras, modernity must be taken in background (Lehmann, 2000, Pg 141-142). Modern can signify all of post-medieval European olden times, in the environment of seperating